Polymer Science and Engineering
Development of Polymerization is the biggest thing chemistry has done, where it has had the biggest effect on everyday life. A polymer is a molecule made up of smaller molecules that are joined together by chemical bonds, general & covalent bonds. The European and US plastics industries are under significant competition from Asia. For a long time, Europe and North America led the global plastics production. Today, China is the largest producer of plastics [25%] followed by Europe [20%] and the US [19.5%]. When combined, the Americas and Europe account for about 45 percent of the world's plastic production which is equal to Asia (China, Japan, and the rest of Asia). The global plastics industry has continuously grown for more than 50 years. For instance, for the period 2012 to 2017, the demand for plastic products increased steadily by about 3.7 percent per year with a total world plastics production of about 300 M ton in 2013.